Business Process Reengineering (BPR) aims at cutting down enterprise costs and process redundancies, but unlike other process management techniques, it does so on a much broader scale. Business Process Reengineering (BPR) - also known as process innovation and core process redesign - attempts to restructure or obliterate unproductive management layers, wipe out redundancies, and remodel processes differently.
On the surface, BPR sounds an awful like business process improvement (BPI). However, there are fundamental differences that distinguish the two. BPI might be about downsizing the current team size or tweaking a few rules here and there. But reengineering is an unconstrained approach to look beyond the defined boundaries and bring in seismic changes.
BPI is like upgrading the exhaust system on your project car. Business Process Reengineering, BPR is about rethinking the entire way the exhaust is handled.
While BPI is an incremental setup that focuses on tinkering with the existing processes to improve them, BPR looks at the broader picture. BPI doesn’t go against the grain; it identifies the process bottlenecks and recommends changes in specific functionalities. The process framework principally remains the same when BPI is into play. BPR, on the other hand, rejects the existing rules and often takes an unconventional route to redo processes from a high-level management perspective.
Another good analogy can be seen in trying to live a healthy lifestyle. BPI might involve finding a way to get to the gym more often and eat less sugar. But BPR is an entire lifestyle change that starts with how you buy food, how you incorporate movement and exercise into your day, and how to reduce stress.